Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU
The Bulletin of the Institute of Ethnography SAS (I-VII)/ SASA (VIII/) is a scientific periodical of international significance which publishes papers in ethnology/anthropology. From its inception in 1952, the Bulletin publishes the results of scientific research projects of scientists and associates of the Institute and other affiliated institutions in the country and abroad. In addition, discussions and articles, supplements, field data, retrospectives, chronicles, reviews, translations, notes, bibliographies, obituaries, memories, critiques and similar are published as well. The Bulletin was founded as a means to publish the results of research of settlements and origins of populations, folk life, customs and folk proverbs. However, the concept of the Bulletin, like that of any other contemporary scientific journal, changed over time to accommodate the social, cultural and political processes and research trends in the social sciences and humanities.
The Bulletin (GEI) is referenced in the electronic bases: DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory and SCIndex (Serbian Citation Index). All articles are digitally available in a form typographically true to the original (in .pdf format). The Bulletin is also available in the same form on the website of the Institute of Ethnography SASA.
The Bulletin (GEI SANU) can also be found and read at CEEOL (Central and Eastern European Online Library): http://www.ceeol.com
- ‘Eastern-European Art’
- The main focus of this study is the analysis of art as an institution within a concrete sociohistorical context: Eastern Europe and especially Yugoslavia in the aftermath of the breakup of socialism. Contemporary art is treated as a form of genre and ‘Eastern European’ art as a typical construct of the global art institution. The mechanisms under which this institution functions are analyzed, as well as the relationship between art and wider social and historical processes at the transition from the 20th to the 21st century.
- ‘Return’ migration of the Slovak community of Vojvodina
- This paper explores the current migration of the Slovak community members of Serbia to Slovakia, focusing on the issue of belonging. This is an example of a ‘return’ migration phenomenon - where a certain number of minority members return to their land of ancestors after having lived on the territory of present-day Vojvodina for almost three centuries. The migration of Slovaks from Serbia began in the late 1980s and early 1990s but in recent years it has taken on much greater proportions. This paper is based on fieldwork conducted in Bratislava in 2015 and 2017. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no. 177027: Multietnicitet, multikulturalnost, migracije - savremeni procesi]
- ‘You can’t weed out corruption’
- In this article, I analyze how railway workers in a small town in Serbia assessed what they perceived as the proliferation of corrupt practices in their company and in the state. Corruption has been both a response to the changes of socioeconomic relations and constitutive of those changes. Narratives about corruption reveal the material bedrock of socioeconomic changes since the 1980s as well as the work that people have to invest in making sense of and adapting to those changes. The state figured explicitly and implicitly in these narratives as an object of criticism. Over the past three decades, the Serbian state has changed as much from above-due to transnational pressures and economic problems it was facing-as from below-through practices of individuals enmeshed in state structures. The collapse of state provision and increasing social inequality made corrupt practices crucial for ensuring redistributive state functions and creating new avenues for capital accumulation. In these circumstances, some corrupt practices (such as smuggling) are seen as necessary while others (such as the mismanagement of the company) are condemned as superfluous or outright criminal based on the difference between basic material provision and one’s enrichment to the detriment of others.
- “And they reached Iceland” - economic and political migration of Gorani from Gora
- Migration from Gora have been almost always driven by certain economic and political situation, both in Gora and in the region. The migrations became more intense due to the economic crisis of the 1990s and the political changes in Kosovo during and after 1999. This paper discusses the impact of economic and political crisis in Serbia and in Kosovo in the late 20th and the early 21st century, on the migration of members of the Goranci community from Gora. The paper also deals with the impact of migration on changes in cultural practices among members of the first and second generation of Gorani in Belgrade. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177027: Multietnicitet, multikukturalnost, migracije - savremeno stanje]
- “Mile versus transition”
- The basis of this paper is the idea that post-socialist transformation doesn’t only entail political and economic changes which affect a society going through this process, but also carries with it a slew of new social phenomena which the given society interprets in a suitable way. Such new phenomena are often recognized in bits of popular culture which speak to the populace at large. Keeping this in mind, we decided to test the ways in which new social phenomena reflected in a specific Serbian television show which was popular in Serbia during the beginning of the so-called second transition. The show in question is “Mile vs. transition”, which represents a completely new form within the Serbian context, and which parodies a wide array of changed political and social relationships and values which are markers of the transition process. This television show became very popular with Serbian audiences, and it is our belief that the popularity is due to the success of this type of representation and the possibility of making fun of the system-in-the-making. On the other hand, the specificities of this particular show provided a special platform for negotiating meaning and the basic message between the creators and the consumers. In accordance with this, we have decided to focus on this aspect of the series in this study - the difference between the basic intentions of the authors and the ways in which the audience actually received the character of Mile and his relationship to the transition process. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177026: Kulturno nasleđe i identitet]
- “Nahni wa xfendik” (We and the others)
- In this study I will examine the negotiation of multiple identities in the Maronite Community of Cyprus which comprises four villages in the occupied territories (Kormakiti, Asomatos, Karpashia, Agia Marina) and a large number of displaced population in the area of Nicosia, Larnaca and Limassol, and especially the extent to which some identities are negotiable, while others are not. I will analyze the concept of collective identity in relation to religious and ethnic factors (Maronite, Arab origin vs the Orthodox Cypriots of Greek origin), differences within the community in relation to language (use of a particular Arabic dialect only by the inhabitants of Kormakiti, while other villages speak the Greek-Cypriot dialect) and a deliberate identification with Lebanon through Catholicism and similarities in history.
- “This is Dinamo!” - the phenomenon of futsal Dinamo as an alternative fan club
- This paper discusses the fan project of Futsal Dinamo as an alternative club to GNK Dinamo from Zagreb, Croatia. After contextualizing the problem which led to the foundation of this club, media reports about it are analyzed and an ethnographic description of a championship game is given. The struggle for Dinamo is interpreted as a fight for the club’s democratization, which is the fight for returning football to a state when clubs were still the connective tissue of the local community, the expression of its identity and a cultural phenomenon whose emotional strength is more important than its economic benefits. Due to the different structural positions of fans and the club management, the dispute between them is seen as one of the expressions of struggle and resistance of a subordinated social group.
- „Epistemological modesty“ of Peter L. Berger
- In this paper author enquire sociology of Peter L. Berger through the concept of „epistemological modesty“. It is considered that Peter L. Berger is one of the few sociologists who, in his „epistemological modesty“, was willing to give up some of the strategically important hypotheses on which modern sociology has been built for decades. In this sense, „epistemological modesty“ has served as a struggle against sociological orthodoxy of various kinds. Also he never belonged to the main streams of American sociology, and to the university establishment in particular. He rather belonged to marginal lines of European „immigrant“ sociology, but Berger and his co-authors were children of their time. This paper also emphasizes those fundamental hypotheses which Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann never gave up, and these hypotheses are found in The Social Construction of Reality.
- „The right to have rights“ in theory of citizenship beyond sovereignty
- The institution of citizenship is characterized by its ambivalence with regard to the notions (and values) of inclusion/exclusion, rights/disempowerment, belonging/otherness. Historically and conceptually, citizenship has been developing in symbiosis with the ideas of equality, freedom, protection of rights and full membership in the political community. In this respect its emancipatory legacy is beyond doubt. In addition, the critique of abstractness of human rights, mostly developed by Hannah Arendt, influenced contemporary assertions that human rights and freedoms have little significance outside the framework of the state institution of citizenship. On the other hand, one could claim that citizenship represents legalized discrimination as it a priori presupposes a distinction between citizens and non-citizens as legitimate. Moreover, as citizenship one holds predetermines to a great extent one's life chances, it can be said to occupy a „pivotal place in the over-all segmentary architecture of the nation-state system“ (Brubaker). This citizenship paradox, its simultaneous emancipative and discriminative role, reveals itself more openly when confronted with the problems of refugees, irregular migration and statelessness. This paper analyzes these tensions and questions the possibility of their overcoming within the framework of the so-called citizenship beyond sovereignty.