Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU
The Bulletin of the Institute of Ethnography SAS (I-VII)/ SASA (VIII/) is a scientific periodical of international significance which publishes papers in ethnology/anthropology. From its inception in 1952, the Bulletin publishes the results of scientific research projects of scientists and associates of the Institute and other affiliated institutions in the country and abroad. In addition, discussions and articles, supplements, field data, retrospectives, chronicles, reviews, translations, notes, bibliographies, obituaries, memories, critiques and similar are published as well. The Bulletin was founded as a means to publish the results of research of settlements and origins of populations, folk life, customs and folk proverbs. However, the concept of the Bulletin, like that of any other contemporary scientific journal, changed over time to accommodate the social, cultural and political processes and research trends in the social sciences and humanities.
The Bulletin (GEI) is referenced in the electronic bases: DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory and SCIndex (Serbian Citation Index). All articles are digitally available in a form typographically true to the original (in .pdf format). The Bulletin is also available in the same form on the website of the Institute of Ethnography SASA.
The Bulletin (GEI SANU) can also be found and read at CEEOL (Central and Eastern European Online Library): http://www.ceeol.com
- Costume style from Vrčin
- Suburbs in general are very much affected by the distance from urban centers and its internal changes. Belgrade, for example, has, in the past two centuries, undergone major changes in forms of territorial expansion and population growth. Vrčin so became a suburb of Belgrade and an important crossroad. This paper analyses the changes which transformed Vrčin from rural settlement into suburb, using variables such as industry, migrations and accompanying influences to its daily life, including dress habits of the Vrčin population. A general tendency to transform from rural to urban is present, along with an effort to attain a bio-rhythm of the bigger city. The scope of this paper is limited to only a few sources, which, nevertheless picture this general tendency. The process of abandoning a traditional dress has begun long before 1970’s and has reached its final phase at present. The rural population gradually abandoned the traditional costume, and adopted urban way of dressing, most of the time mixing the two. It is evident that only elderly individuals have kept parts of the traditional dress and jewelry, while so called middle and young generations dress in the latest urban fashion style. This is especially evident in women’s style of dress brought about with a new role they entered during the years after WW II employment outside home and the city’s influences. In conclusion, dress mode in Vrčin was determined by general social, economic and historical events that took place.
- Croatian fan scene
- In this paper attention is given to the mutual synergy between sports, commercials and alcohol. Therefore, we approach the research topic specified in the title with regards to the cultural history of football and beer, the functioning of the commercial industry within consumer culture and the structural practices of consuming football and beer trough which, at specific places and in special occasions, masculinity is performed. This research relies primarily on discourse analysis of football-beer commercials. For the purpose of enriching the insights gained by this method, a semi-structured interview was conducted with a market expert specialized in branding and an autoethnographic approach is present. The central part of the study is based on a corpus of advertisements that were broadcast on national television programs in the last ten years and that have emerged as part of a market designed advertising campaigns for major breweries during the World and European football championships. For the most of them, the common denominator is putting football fans in the forefront, whether in stadiums, bars, town squares or at home. Also, in most cases, they exclusively present male protagonists during their leisure time, united by their passion for football and beer, as well as their desire for relaxed socialization and fun. Apart from gender, the national context is essential, since these commercials usually visually, audibly and textually refer to the national football team of Croatia.
- Culinary art in media
- The subject of diet culture is beyond the scope of this paper. Therefore, I concentrated on several examples which best illustrate the presence of culinary art and diet in media. That is, I used 72 articles from the magazine Gloria with the food subject (2006-2009). Diet and culinary arts are omnipresent in media globally. As a rule, many offers recommend recipes and items considered traditional, with a wide range of recipes offered in Serbia alone. Internet also offers many web sites with various diets and recipes. All in all, domestic readers of local journals and magazine can find a variety of fashionable recipes from all over the world, most of the time with limited instructions or groceries not easily obtained at the local market. Bon ton is also lacking while diet and food choices continue to saturate all forms of social behavior as well as recipes serving as communication within a given culture.
- Cultural aspects of the policies of the European Union countries towards immigrants
- Throughout the history of mankind, as a result of migration, different cultures came in contact and influenced each other, with different outcomes. In recent years, as a result of more frequent armed conflicts in the world, the influx of migrants to Europe has increased significantly. Even the European Union countries that had traditionally been considered as emigrant, Italy, for example, are becoming immigrant. New situation has influenced the change in attitude of many governments of countries wherein the migrants arrived, and while some still prefer multiculturalism, there is a growing number of those who do not share this position. The aim of this paper is to analyze the cultural aspects of the policies of the European Union countries towards immigrants which evolved as a result of the current migrant crisis.
- Cultural centres and their role the Cultural Centre Novi Pazar and the Cultural Centre of Serbia (Paris)
- This paper open a discussion on the functioning of cultural centers, as (potentially) influential institutions at local and international level. Authors wish is, by analyzing the program of the Cultural Centre Novi Pazar and the Cultural Centre of Serbia in Paris, to highlight the role of cultural centers as intermediaries of official policy. Authors specifically discuss the usage of traditional elements in programs, and therefore, in explicit examples "expose" the usage dichotomy - in-betweens satisfying cultural needs of society and instrumentalization of culture. Through the activity of centers at local and international level, the intention of authors is to present culture as a national resource with which can be made the influence on society. Thus, attention is drawn to the process of defining the program - from the message/information encoding to its purposeful transfer through a range of activities (events, exhibitions, concerts, etc.). [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no. 177028: Strategije identiteta: savremena kultura i religioznost (Nina Aksić) i Grant no. 47016: Interdisciplinarno istraživanje kulturnog i jezičkog nasleđa Srbije i izrada multimedijalnog internet portala „Pojmovnik srpske kulture“ (Branislav Pantović)]
- Cultural epidemiology
- Cultural epidemiology is an interdisciplinary field based on principles and methods of medical anthropology and classical epidemiology. Its contribution to health research results from a focus on illness, distinct from the disease orientation of classical epidemiology. Though rooted in the influential illness explanatory model framework, current developments in the field of cultural epidemiology refer more explicitly to determinants of health and illness beyond explanatory models based on frameworks of critical medical anthropology. This rethinking of cultural epidemiology acknowledges the need for research to consider domains of a revised Outline for Cultural Formulation referring to cultural identity, key social relations, and the impact of political economy and other structural features of society. In addition to this current work in cultural psychiatry, two other areas of research remain active: public health studies of professional and community determinants of vaccine acceptance and research on assessment and study of stigma as a clinically significant feature of illness experience, providing a clinical complement to more mainstream community studies of stigma.
- Cultural intimacy and nutrition
- Proceeding from the assumption that the domain of food and food-related broader issues of relationship to nutrition are of the key importance for the development of a culture, the relationship of the Serbian society to food/nutrition was thematised through an internet discussion broached by the Miguel Rodriguez’s interview to the daily ’Politika’ - ’The Serbs are not a poor nation’. Since the discussion raised the question of food/nutrition as the sole measurement of development, the text examines the revealed local tensions and discomforts arising from the relationship to agriculture, the country and country products in the context of the question of Serbian development, as well as in the context of a proper public presentation of Serbia. The unveiling of the complexity of this relationship was approached from the perspective of the conceptual-analytical concept of cultural intimacy introduced by the American anthropologist Michael Herzfeld, and discourse analysis. The conclusion is that, on account of the variety of ’appetites’ of the contemporary man, development of society cannot be measured solely by the level of access to sources of food; nevertheless, this assessment acknowledges that the key importance of food and relationship to food/ nutrition cannot be neglected, even if we wanted to. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179014]
- Cursed sites and cursed practices, treasure hunting at haunted places
- The aim of this paper is to explain why such a widespread practice as treasure hunting is related to narratives of cursed and haunted places. The reasons are many: a) the intermingling of official and folk religious elements in Orthodox Christian tradition that also serves the Greek nationalistic idea of continuity from Antiquity, b) the existence of evil spirits gives sufficient justification to despair, failure and ill health, by aligning otherness with misfortune, c) such narratives constitute patterns of behaviour, as they offer the terms for comprehensive oral dialogue between notions of good and evil, religious beliefs and skepticism.
- Daily life in the enclave Vitina
- The paper is based on a fieldwork performed in 2003 in the enclave Vitina, Kosovo. The aim of the paper is to provide an ethnographic brief account of the post-war daily life in the researched area. Since 1999 and the establishment of the international protectorate over the area, the enclave’s daily life has changed profoundly. The people from Vitina are very much concerned about their daily troubles, especially the ones involving the relationship with the Albanian population. The daily life in Vitina is saturated with the war related traumas, existential insecurity and unpredictability, experiences of ghetto, paralyzed everyday life, and the time that appears to stand still. The Kosovo area is characterized by especially complex historical, political and cultural contexts. It is a borderline area, so identities seem to be undefined, varying, ambivalent and situational. In the last decades of the 20th century, the identities became homogenous, developing fixed boundaries. The ethnic identification thus becomes more relevant than any other membership or affiliation. A need to designate and preserve an ethnic identity in Kosovo has lead to a paroxysm. The dominant, Albanian population displays its ethnic symbols openly, while the Serbs demonstrate their symbols more alluringly but with the same amount of fervor. The ethnicity is being articulated in everyday life, in different answers to its requirements and challenges while a daily life is usually equalized with privacy and female sphere, therefore, the paper also discusses a relationship between the ethnic and gender identities.
- Dance tradition of the Macedonian diaspora in Serbia (following the research of ethnochoreologist Mihailo Dimovski in Glogonj and Jabuka)
- The Macedonian minority in Serbia has always attracted great attention from Macedonian researchers, especially during the 70’s and 80’s of the 20th century. The interest, except in historical, philological and cultural terms, was also present regarding the dance tradition. This text will deal with the transfer, nurturing and maintenance of the dance tradition among the Macedonians in Glogonj and Jabuka, according to examples from the ethnochoreologist Mihailo Dimovski’s research. He had taken an interest in Macedonian minority in 1973, whereupon he performed an extensive ethnochoreological research and collected extensive material. His records, which are in the Archive of the Institute of Folklore "Marco Cepenkov" - Skopje, have not been completely published yet. Thus, the text will be an attempt to present his findings regarding the dance tradition of the Macedonian diaspora in the said period.