Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU
The Bulletin of the Institute of Ethnography SAS (I-VII)/ SASA (VIII/) is a scientific periodical of international significance which publishes papers in ethnology/anthropology. From its inception in 1952, the Bulletin publishes the results of scientific research projects of scientists and associates of the Institute and other affiliated institutions in the country and abroad. In addition, discussions and articles, supplements, field data, retrospectives, chronicles, reviews, translations, notes, bibliographies, obituaries, memories, critiques and similar are published as well. The Bulletin was founded as a means to publish the results of research of settlements and origins of populations, folk life, customs and folk proverbs. However, the concept of the Bulletin, like that of any other contemporary scientific journal, changed over time to accommodate the social, cultural and political processes and research trends in the social sciences and humanities.
The Bulletin (GEI) is referenced in the electronic bases: DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory and SCIndex (Serbian Citation Index). All articles are digitally available in a form typographically true to the original (in .pdf format). The Bulletin is also available in the same form on the website of the Institute of Ethnography SASA.
The Bulletin (GEI SANU) can also be found and read at CEEOL (Central and Eastern European Online Library): http://www.ceeol.com
- Darwinian medicine and “race”
- The relevance of the modern evolutionary theory for medical practice and research has been generally acknowledged. It is, however, still debated whether there is enough benefit to be gained from the evolutionary theory to justify its inclusion in the ever expanding medical curriculum. It is argued in this paper that in addition to the numerous benefits already explicated in other works, the inclusion of the evolutionary theory into the medical education offers yet another potential gain for medicine - it provides the key for the understanding of human biological variation and its relevance within the medical discourse.
- Day of mourning and time of reminiscence
- The most impressive event of death in the Yugoslav region in the last 50 years was definitely associated with death and funeral of Josip Broz Tito, in May 1980. The departure of one of the last European pharaohs has marked the beginning of an end of an era, with still hard to measure ideological and political consequences. In a symbolic sense, the departure represented a final breakdown of the proclaimed rational and secular walls of communist ideology, whose foundations contained complex religious symbolic and rhetoric. Tito came to be remembered while he was still alive. He was the only living hero portrayed in monuments, whose name was displayed in street appellations and public institutions. Media concept of his death and funeral represented a confirmation and continuation of this reminiscence; in addition, the deeper meaning of this reminiscence revealed an essential negation of the fact that the mighty ruler is actually dead. Tito's position of a supreme deity, acquired during his lifetime, was even more firmly established by his death. In this way, it could be argued that death has contributed to Broz' deification, thus extending his cult furthermore. The question remains whether the faith in his divine soul would persevere the temptations of history if he had lived for a few years more? It appears that the same question could be posed in regards to the deification of assassinated prime minister, Dr Zoran Djindjic, whose death, funeral and post mortem glory represent almost the only comparable event from the recent Serbian history, to those of the complex death related rhetoric of Broz? The post mortem image of Dr Djindjic was created based on Christian model of martyr and sufferer, but also on the model of exemplar death, that is, heroic and martyr's death in the name of nation, an important element of a special religious system, i.e., religion of nation. In 2006, during the annual commemoration dedicated to Zoran Djindjic, media coverage had turned to another event: Slobodan Milosevic had suddenly died in Scheveningen. Date of dying was not the only thing that has, for a moment, put these two celebrated politicians together. Death in prison, in Hague tribunal, while being in exile, has allowed that (short-lived) post mortem glory of the former president of FRY be built according to the Christian model of martyr and sufferer. On the other hand, Milosevic's ideological position (in between communism and democracy) has determined that the rhetoric associated with his departure is a combination of pagan and Christian motives. Hence, media and public images from the day he died until the funeral, were saturated with pagan symbolism and myths. It is interesting to note that these cited examples reflect the process where changes in basic secular ideologies are accompanied by a change in religious patterns as well. In turn, these religious patterns help to solve cultural contradictions and doubtfulness.
- Depraved of legitimating discourse
- In this paper I want to compare rare theoretical justifications of border walls with discourses on boundaries and walls by Central and Eastern European political actors in dealing with refugee crisis in 2015. I analize three such discourses: consequentialist, discourse of reponsibility for fair distribution of cosmopolitan duties, and nationalistic discourse. This comparison allows me to question aplicability of Wendy Brown’s argument that the states with waning sovereignty display symbols of force in building border walls aimed at defending fragile egos built around national and religious identities. Finally, I want to elucidate what type of political subjectivity is produced and legitimated by these acts of fortification within and around CEE “walled” states.
- Development of management skills for professional designers
- Is Design a devaluated profession? The crisis referred to by many professionals can be understood among different perspectives. One of them - systemic approach - enables the analysis of the complexity underlying the issue. This paper analyses the management skills in response to the ¨drawing artist¨ profile who was many times, incorrectly, named after the professional designer by the market.
- Development of pastoral economy in the 19th century serbian village
- The basic thesis we are trying to prove in this paper is that the development and transformation of objects used for livestock breeding in Serbia in the 19th century represents a paradigmatic example of the dynamics of the economic development of the country. We believe that the gradual transition from animal husbandry as the dominant economic activity to land cultivation was accompanied by changes that conditioned the appearance, development and transformation of facilities for livestock breeding, gradually transforming them from temporary to permanent buildings, thus influencing the transformation of material culture. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no. 177030: Od univerzalnih carstava ka nacionalnim državama - društvene i političke promene u Srbiji i na Balkanu]
- Diaspora and diasporic awareness
- The paper discusses concepts of Diaspora and Diasporic awareness across various discourse types. In the introductory part, it is distinguished between two main concepts: a “conventional” and a postmodern one. Special emphasis is placed upon the concepts of Diaspora that were employed in the oral discourse of the Serbs from Szgietcsép in Hungary. Through the analysis and interpretation of the narratives it is argued that interlocutors’ oral discourses reflect an ideological diversity which varies from a conventional, organic model of Diaspora to an experience of “Otherness” that goes along with being a minority in every single national culture.
- Diaspora construct in the focus of entity policies and different mobilities
- Diaspora interpretations involve different approaches, policies, and perceptions, which problematize this phenomenon. The penetration and visibility of the phenomenon becomes a scientific and research challenge in shedding light and solving global and specific problems of human motion. Diaspora is an ideological, political and economic construct derived from academic and strategic developments in the domain of knowledge and interests. On the other hand, diasporas are shown to be diverse practices and perceptions that open the fields of sensibility and communication. In the paper I presented a brief theoretical cross-section of various approaches and critical analyzes (essentialism, critique of methodological nationalism, studies of ethnicity, historical paradigm, concept of long-distance nationalism) with the intention of problematizing the diaspora phenomenon, pointing to its general characteristics and dilemmas. Further analysis focuses on the specific features of diaspora constructs in zones of strategies (institutionalization), practices and perceptions through socio-political and symbolic meanings. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no. 177027]
- Direct results of recent multidisciplinary ethno-genetic research of the Serbs and the Serbian population (in Aleksandrovac district)
- The paper presents immediate results of a multidisciplinary research into ethno genesis, that is, the origin of the Serbs and the Serbian population, based on genetic indicators. The most direct results of the carried out survey are 85 haplotypes with 17 DYS markers/locuses of the respondents from Aleksandrovac district, a representative area as it is in the very centre of Serbian, Kosovo-Resava linguistic and cultural zone. Unlike previous texts that the authors have written on this subject, this paper, for the first time, presents actual results which correlate ethnological facts - starting from older up to latest records on origin - with genetic results obtained owing to the cooperation of the SASA Institute of Ethnography and the Laboratory for DNA analysis of the National forensic centre at the Ministry of Interior, Republic of Serbia. In this way, new findings, which could have been summoned only by parallel use of ethnological and genetic information (and which are given in the paper as clear proofs of necessity and effectiveness of the applied methodological approach), are being obtained and presented. Among other things, the given results of the preliminary survey (compared with the latest relevant surveys by other authors and institutions) indicate the dominance of 12a and R1a haplogroups, decisive in the ethnogenesis of the Slavs, which matches common Serbian perception of the Serbs as of a nation of the Slav language and origin.
- Dislocation of reality through advertising
- Postmodern advertising is based on the usage of postmodern conditions in communication with consumers. Every condition has its several manifestations which could be identified on verbal, audio or iconic level of interpretation. In this paper, lexical, syntactic and rhetoric features of Italian advertising slogans were analysed in the context of decentring, a postmodern condition constructed on Derrida's idea of decentralization, method of deconstruction and intertextuality.
- Displaying nationality as traditional culture in the Belgrade Ethnographic Museum
- This paper is an exploration of the modernist project of museums’ construction of "reality" through the processes of the collecting and displaying of objects, as practiced in the Ethnographic Museum Belgrade. Through the analysis of the museum’s collecting and exhibiting practices, I will try to argue that in Belgrade ethnographic museum practice the idea of the nation is closely connected with the idea of ethnicity as a bounded whole of the distinctive characteristics embodied in the traditional culture that the museum collects and displays.
- Dragana Radojičić
- Roganović, Vladimir - Dragana Radojičić: Dijalozi za trpezom, antropološka monografija o kulturi ishrane, Službeni glasnik i Etnografski institut SANU, Beograd, 2012 - Glasnik Etnografskog instituta SANU
- Dreams about the future
- This paper is based on original research in two Belgrade elementary schools the subjects were boys and girls from senior grades. These boys and girls were asked to answer a few questions about their future professions; that is, how do they imagine their lives in the future. More than half of the questioned girls expressed the desire to become models, actresses, singers or to be involved in some similar occupations from the world of entertainment. Their dreams about their future life totally exclude professions that require hard studying and serious academic preparation. The girls showed no interest in so-called "serious" occupations or, as a matter of fact, in traditional female jobs and roles. Boys, on the other hand, have various and diverse plans and dreams concerning their future occupations. In brief, the girls put emphasis on professions where the body and its appearance count, while the boys emphasize everything else. This paper is an attempt to answer the question of why it is that the majority of girls on the doorstep of adolescence see the fulfillment of their dreams in such a stereotyped, narrow frame of glamour and physical attractiveness. The paper points out to the existence of pop-culture patterns that so greatly influence the daily lives of these young girls, through media, school and public life in general. In such pop-culture that broadcasts a "Cover Girl" image, images that could encourage girls' other ambitions and interests almost do not exist.