Glasnik Antropološkog društva Srbije
prethodni naslov Glasnik Antropološkog društva Jugoslavije (ISSN: 0351-1480) do 2007
izdavač(i) Antropološko društvo Srbije, Niš i Univerzitet u Nišu - Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Niš
veb adresa www.antropoloskodrustvosrbije.com/?q=content/glasnik-antropolo%C5%A1kog-dru%C5%A1tva-srbije
početna godina 2008
glavni urednik Perica Vasiljević, Univerzitet u Nišu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Departman za biologiju i ekologiju
adresa uredništva Bulevar dr Zorana Đinđića, 81-III-170,18000 Niš
osoba za kontakt Perica Vasiljević
kategorija časopisa K52, K52
CEON WoS IF2 0,000
CEON WoS IF5 0,000
CEON IF5 0,050
referisan u SCIndeks
CrossRef/DOI CEON posredstvom SCIndeks Asistenta
OA status indeksiran u DOAJ
licenca CC BY-SA
- Faktori rizika razvoja kardiovaskularnih bolesti u populaciji Novog Sada
- As identification of cardiovascular risk factors is the first step in their prevention, the aim of this study was to analyze prevalence of some risk factors in population of Novi Sad. Citizens were invited by media to take part in public measurements that were organized two times. Our study group included 818 volunteers (361 males and 457 females) aged between 18 and 88 years (mean age: 56.30±14.93y). Anthropometric measurements were done in order to assess nutritional state and body fat mass and distribution. Blood pressure and glycaemia were measured, and data on current diseases, smoking status and family history of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) were obtained from self-report. Obesity was found in 24.45% of examined subjects (20.23% males and 28.41% females). At risk increased body fat mass followed by increased abdominal fat was registered in 37.12% males and 55.36% females. Higher blood pressure was found in 37.40% males and 34.13% females. Hiperglycaemia was found in 20.78% males and 13.30% females (in 7.45% subjects it was revealed for the first time). We registered 23.23% smokers. Positive family history of CVD was obtained from 34.96% subjects. Most frequently subjects had four till five risk factors at the same time. Number of risk factors in females significantly increased after menopause. Importance of actions like this is possibility of identification of risk factors in an earlier state. Our results highlighted the need for more effective actions in order to prevent CVD. .
- Fertility by birth order of population in Serbia
- Based on fertility by birth order, it is possible to research the level of the reproductive norms in certain population. In the period after World War II there were big changes in the fertility by birth order in Central Serbia and Vojvodina and that is the consequence of the population's reproductive norms decrease in these areas. Therefore, in this article we will analyze the trends of fertility by birth order changes for population in Central Serbia and Vojvodina in the period from 1948 to 2012.
- First premolar variations in number of roots, root canals and tooth length
- Knowledge of external and internal morphology of the teeth is very important for members of all branches of dental practice. In conservative dentistry knowing external morphological characteristics of dental crowns is significantly because of tendency of certain tooth groups for decay and successful restoration in functional and aesthetic sense. Successful endodontic treatment is impossible without knowing the number and position of the root and root canals inside of them. The variability of the morphology of the human body includes teeth too. Internal morphology features can be analyzed in details only on extracted teeth. In this study, extracted first premolars were analyzed, fifty eight of upper jaw and sixty four of lower jaw. Statistical analysis showed that the average length of the upper first premolar is 21.05 mm and for lower 20.65mm. The upper first premolars usually have two roots. The most common number of channels in the upper first premolar is two. All observed lower first premolars have one root, and in most cases a single channel. The upper first premolar has a higher degree of variation of characters, from the bottom.
- Foot deformities in preschool children according to their gender and age
- Urban conditions, physical surroundings and contemporary way of living have bad effects on development of children, particularly their postural status, which encompasses foot deformities. As regards foot deformities, which are also partially genetically determined, it is certain that contemporary way of living mentioned above, effects proper feet development. Timely diagnosing of feet status is the first measure to be taken in order to eliminate possible deformities. There is causal relation between evolution of feet development and child's age. Since process of foot arch forming usually ends by the age of 4, it is realistic to determine deformity incurred, after that. In our research, we were interested in initial phase of foot deformity, that is, in its occurrence with preschool children aged 4-7. We examined feet samples of 557 examinees of both genders using contemporary computerised digital podography method. Data obtained were statistically processed, and the outcomes were shown in table form and interpreted. On the basis of the outcomes, we defined number of deformities according to gender and age, and concluded that initial feet status of children at this age is extremely unsatisfactory, with 90 % occurrences of some deformities. Thus results from previous researches were confirmed and relevant conclusions with recommendations for further researches made. It is of particular importance to mention that mistakes with measuring were minimalised for contemporary diagnostic method was applied. .
- Foot length in male and female children and youth from Tuzla area (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
- For this research, sample was randomly selected and stratified by sex, age, geographic distance (measured in kilometers of overhead lines), the place of birth of parents and their children. Elements for the analysis of the main problems of spatial- geographic movements of genetic material, were found in a sample of 2559 respondents (1231 boys and 1328 girls) belonging to nine successive school age generations from 11-19 years. Foot in children changes the shape and proportions in the different stages of growth and development. Data for the length of the foot indicate that there is a trend of increments of foot length in male and female children and adolescents from Tuzla area. Average values of examined traits vary from year 11 to 19 in the range 12,5 cm in boys and 12,3 cm in girls. The largest relative foot length increase with boys 2,73% was recorded at the age between 15 and 16, and in females between 12 and 13 was 3.38%. Number of respondents with boys and girls in the category of zero-distance '0' is much higher than in other categories, and is quite difficult to make any reliable conclusion. However, the offspring born in places away from the homeland of their parents is more robust for the observed parameter.
- Forensic anthropology in the service of judicial authorities
- The paper presents the application of forensic anthropology in the identity of expert evidence in courts. Every person's head, face and skull are unique. Specific features and descriptors (such as scars, moles, gross anomalies) may be sufficient for identification. In more complex cases, four main disciplines are involved in the identification: DNA, fingerprint analysis, odontology, and anthropology. While DNA and fingerprints are clearly the favored methods of identification, they require a prior record and verifiable baseline for comparison. When these tools cannot be used it is necessary to employ those biological factors with higher variation and lower diagnostic probability. Superposition has greater negative probative value (exclusion of identification) than positive (possible identification).
- Forenzic significance of composite restorations radiopacity
- In order to forensic use, dental materials should be sufficiently radiopaque to be detected against enamel/dentin, resulting in correct evaluation of restorations contours, detection of secondary caries, marginal defects, etc. Radiopacity of contemporary composites has been improved by inserting of filler-particles containing heavy metals: aluminum, barium, strontium, zirconium, ytterbium. Tetric composite group (Te-econom, Ceram, EvoCeram) has the most suitable radiopacity; T-econom has highest radiopacity (4.78mm aluminum when exposure-0.6'). The aim of this study was to comparison of MOD composite restorations (T-Econom, Ivoclar, Vivadent) radiographs in molar models and to assess their role in forensic identification, by dental students. Two sets of identical radiographs of molars models (that were previously filled with cement base and composite) were made by standardized technique (exposure-time 0.2ms, amperage-10mA, voltage-70kV). One of the sets consists a few radiographs that did not have their pairs in the second set. Equality of composite restorations on the 'ante-mortem' and 'post-mortem' radiographs were assessed by dental students. Statistical analysis was performed using the kappa test. Results showed (k.t.=0.82) that there is a high correlation of correct answers although estimates are made by students who have no experience in forensic identification and forensic evidence, neither enough knowledge in dental radiology. Although the forensic identification should not be based only on the appearance of the one restoration, or the assessment of non-professional forensic scientists, this study indicates that radiopacity of composites may have a major forensic importance, because 'ante-mortem' and 'post-mortem' radiographs were showed exactly match certain morphological characteristics of composite restorations.
- Frequency of angular deformities of the knee joint of school children in relation to sex and ages
- The subject of this research is the angular deformity of the knee joint of younger adolescents. The aim of the research was to measure the frequency, structure and size of static disorders of the knee joint in the frontal plane, depending on sex and calendar age. The sample comprised 251 respondents, primary school pupils, 10, 12 and 14 years of age. This is one of the most sensitive periods in the development of young pupils. It is characterized by a sudden change in the dynamics of living and also by an increased occurrence of postural disorders (Radisavljević, 2001; Kosinac, 2005). To estimate the status of the knee joint, we selected two variables: X-shaped legs (Genua valga) and O-shaped legs (Genua vara). Variables for estimating the status and structure of existing deformities were subjected to the somatoscopy method and to the test of 'voluntary' muscle contraction (Radisavljević, 2001; Jovović, 1999). The greatest angular frequency of knee joint disorders is at the age of 12 for girls and at the age of 14 for boys. O-shaped legs are present in a slightly higher percentage in both sexes and all three age groups. The greatest frequencies of deviations from normal are functional disorders, which can be successfully corrected in a large extent by using active and passive measures.
- Frequency of congenital heart disease in newborns in Tuzla Canton (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
- The aim of this paper is to present the preliminary results of the monitoring study of the frequency of congenital heart disease in newborns in Tuzla Canton (Bosnia and Herzegovina), and their distribution by sex of the newborn and maternal age. The study used the data from the book of protocols and case records of the Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics, the University Clinical Center in Tuzla. The analysis of 8,521 newborns between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2008 has resulted in the frequency of 1.76%, i.e. 1.31% for the mature newborns and 0.45% for the premature newborns respectively. Of the total number of registered anomalies, 10% was associated with congenital anomalies of other systems. No statistically significant differences were found in the subsamples of both mature and premature newborns when it comes to the distribution of congenital heart disease by sex of newborns and maternal age. The frequency registered in the analyzed period suggests the necessity of screening and monitoring congenital heart disease in the observed population.
- Frequency of different occlusal relationships in seven years old children in Nis
- According to Angle, there are three main oculusal relationships (class I, class II, class III). The aim of this research was to establish the frequency of occlusal relationships in seven years old children from the center of Nis City and to define sexual dimorphism. Material and methods. The investigation included 551 child (285 girls and 266 boys) from 2145 seven years old children altogether, that is 26,69%. Within medical inspection of children of first class of primary school, there were analized the existence of Class I, II and III, regarding canines and first permanent molars. Result and discussion. Clas I exists in majority of patients - 65.30% (63.5% boys and 67% girls), class II exists in 29.2% (30.4% boys and 28% girls), while class III exists in 5.5% of patients. Conclusion. Seven years old children mostly have class I occlusal relationship, than class II and class III can be seen very rarely. .
- Frequency of inherited congenital anomalies of arms and feet in sample of newborns in Tuzla Canton (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
- Genetic burden size estimation of the world population and its individual components has a great theoretical and practical (medical) significance, and genetic determinators of congenital defects represent one of its most interesting components. Congenital anomaly of fists and feet may occur in different forms. In this paper we studied the incidence of syndactyly (syndactylia), clinodactyly (clynodactylia) and polydactyly (polydactylia) in a sample of newborns of Tuzla Canton. Data were collected at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of University Clinical Center in Tuzla. The main source of needed information was disease history of mothers and newborns. The observed anomalies were registered by first pediatric examination of newborns. The study included 8419 infants (4335 males and 4084 females) of which 7793 passed and 626 undelivered newborns, born during the time period 2007 - 2008 year. The total incidence of anomalies in the analyzed sample was 0,23%, of which the relative frequency of polydactyly is 0,05%, syndactyly 0,07% and clinodactyly 0,11%. The highest frequency of the studied anomalies was observed in the subsample of undelivered newborns (0,80%), and in the subsample of delivered newborns was 0,18%. Comparison of our data with literature data showed that the frequency of observed anomalies falls in the range of variation of parameters investigated in other populations.
- Frequency of mesiodens of children of Knjaževac
- Mesiodens is atypical supernumerary tooth most frequently found in the upper anterior teeth but it can also be found in the area of the lower incisors. The aim of this study was to estabish the frequency of supernumerary teeth ( mesiodens), their localization in the jaws and the number of mesiodens in children of Knjaževac. The sample comprised 1692 patients of both sexes, 6 -15 years of age, from Knjaževac. 31 patients have mesiodens ( 1,83 %), 26 persons ( 83,87 %) have mesiodens in the upper jaw and only 5 persons ( 16,13 %) have mesiodens in the lower jaw. 28 children have one mesiodens, only three children have two mesiodens. The most frequent site for localization was the area between the upper central incisors.