Glasnik Antropološkog društva Srbije
prethodni naslov Glasnik Antropološkog društva Jugoslavije (ISSN: 0351-1480) do 2007
izdavač(i) Antropološko društvo Srbije, Niš i Univerzitet u Nišu - Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Niš
veb adresa www.antropoloskodrustvosrbije.com/?q=content/glasnik-antropolo%C5%A1kog-dru%C5%A1tva-srbije
početna godina 2008
glavni urednik Perica Vasiljević, Univerzitet u Nišu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Departman za biologiju i ekologiju
adresa uredništva Bulevar dr Zorana Đinđića, 81-III-170,18000 Niš
osoba za kontakt Perica Vasiljević
kategorija časopisa K52, K52
CEON WoS IF2 0,000
CEON WoS IF5 0,000
CEON IF5 0,050
referisan u SCIndeks
CrossRef/DOI CEON posredstvom SCIndeks Asistenta
OA status indeksiran u DOAJ
licenca CC BY-SA
- Concept and strategies of bone tissue engineering
- In contemporary clinical practice bone substitutes such as implants are used in reconstructive orthopedics and maxillofacial surgery. Judging from physical and chemical properties each implant has some advantages and disadvantages. The idea of bone tissue engineering is to simulate the formation of bone to implants as carriers in combination with osteogenic cells and osteo-stimulative factors (osteoinduction). The design of the implant itself in terms of the chosen carrier with its own characteristics, the type of cells that have been implanted, the type and combination of stimulative factors play an important role in the behavior of the implanted material within a body. Tissue engineering looks promising, however a lot of obstacles have to be surmounted in order to consider it a proper alternative.
- Constitutional differences in student from Faculty of Sports and Physical Education
- Constitutional represents a specific set of structural-morphologic, physiological-function and psychological cognitive-conative characteristics of a person that makes him/her differ from the rest. Determining somatotypes contribute to increase of knowledge on variability of somatotypes within population, differences between population groups, etc. The aim of the research was to determine differences in somatotype of students at University of sport and physical education (USPE) measure in 1997 and 2008. The sample for this research was made on total of 117 students (age 22+/-1.27). They were chosen by the method of coincidence choice out of whole student population and divided into two groups. Eleven anthropometric variables were measured for the purpose of this research. Calculating every component of body constitution was carried out individually with the help of statistical package Somatotype 1.1. The research results show that there are statistically significant differences in two components of body constitution, in endomorph (p<.01) and mesomorph (p<.01) component in favor of students measured in 2008 (3.4-4.1-2.7 measure in 1997 versus 4.1-4.6-2.5 measured in 2008). On the basis of the results we can draw a conclusion that students of both generations belong to endomorph-mesomorph constitution type, with the remark that in students measured in 2008 there is more significantly expressed endomorph component, in consideration of higher mass and lower height.
- Contemporary demographic changes and problems in the City of Nis
- An intensive process of demographic change in the City of Nis started in the second half of the 20th century. Socio-economic development of the territory caused the increase in population. While the city center demographically get stronger, peripheral urban areas of the municipality were stagnating or very slightly number grew its demographic score. Along with population growth, took place in the process of increasing the number of households that had a smaller number of members. The aging population is a particular problem which greatly affects economic growth. During the last decade of the 20th century, this area has gone through a transition phase where large number of industrial giants were closed. As a consequence it appeared the changes in the economic structure of the population.
- Contemporary demographic changes of the Rasina district
- Rasina District is faced with serious demographic problems at the beginning of the twenty-first century which are the consequence of long-term economic and social changes both in this area and the country as a whole. The basic problem is insufficient population regeneration, which further leads to other negative processes. One of the most important problems of Rasina District is the ageing of population, i.e., a drop in young population and a significant rise in old population. Therefore, the population of Rasina District is already in the critical phase of demographic aging. Such age structure influences further economic development of this area at large. The decrease in young population, which is the carrier of future reproduction and regeneration of the population of this area, is evident. So as to stop or decelerate these processes, it is necessary to improve life conditions and ensure certain economic standard. Otherwise, these processes will not be stopped; they will be all the more intensified.
- Contribution to research of methods for rapid positional siding of foot bones
- In everyday anthropological work when recording the exhumed bones, it is usually easy to determine if the bone belongs to left/right body side, assuming the adequate knowledge of osteology. Some confusion may appear when dealing with foot and hand bones. The main reasons for this are small dimensions of those bones and numerous anatomical facets that look alike. If the foot bones were carefully collected in the field it becomes easy to recognize them, for the majority of those bones are characteristic enough, especially tarsal and metatarsal ones, so it is impossible to confuse one for another. The intermediate and lateral cuneiform bones may be exception to this. Positional siding of foot bones is more demanding task than their recognition. In anatomy teaching there is a need to present this knowledge to students in the simplest way. In this article the authors present special rapid methods for easy positional siding of foot bones. The initial, strictly defined position to put foot bones into is determined, as well as anatomic characteristics that clearly show the siding of the each bone. .
- Correlation of living navic and postural status of children's male school
- The study was conducted on a sample of 62 respondents, aged 7 from Koceljeva (M = 31, F = 31) with the aim of contributing to a better understanding of potential factors that could be associated with the development of poor physical body segregation and better prevention among the younger population school age. Parents were filled in by a nonstandardized questionnaire designed for research purposes. The results indicate that about a fifth of respondents are active all seven days a week for 20-30 minutes, even 80.6% use a computer in their home in some form, and spend most of it on a typical weekend of 1-2 hours a day. Statistically significant correlations of life habits and status of segments of postural status in male and female sex children were determined. Parent's awareness of the need for physical activity of children with impaired postural disorders related to flat feet and deformities of the kicosis (kyphosis, left chest scoliosis and compensatory scoliosis) is present. As indicators of poor postural segments, it is possible to highlight the use of computers and the representation of TV viewing.
- Correlation of some morphological characteristics with the growth of body mass in young football players
- On the basis of the latest research where Molnar et al. (2008) correlated morphological characteristics over a period of ten years with two generations of football players, it was concluded that boys from the younger generation had a higher average value of all the morphological characteristics, except the length of the foot. However, it was also concluded that these two generations had significant differences in only eight anthropometrical measures: physical height, length of leg, width of pelvis, diameter of knee, body mass, volume of upper leg, volume of lower leg and skin fold of stomach. The results indicated the need to establish a connection of some morphological characteristics to the growth of body mass in younger generation of boys. Thus, the aim of this research has been to identify the relevant knowledge about the significance of partial connection some morphological characteristics with the growth of body mass in younger generation of players. The sample was taken from 95 boys aged 10 years old divided into two sub samples. The first sub sample involved 43 boys who were tested in 1997. and the second sub sample involved 52 boys who were tested in 2007. The variables included the mean differences of eight anthropometrical measures which were significantly different. The data was collected by regression analysis and it was found that volume of upper leg, diameter of knee and width of pelvis showed the significant partial correlation with the growth of body mass in the order they are listed, while other variables didn't show a significant correlation with growth of body mass. .
- Corruption as a social-economic phenomenon
- The author discusses corruption as a primarily socio-economic construction. This paper tests the hypothesis of corruption as a systemic problem. The system is (economic, political, legal) the main source of corruption. There are, regarding to this, the system generators of corruption: state, property and market. They are the key institutions of society that are placed in a destructive political system, create corruption, which undermines the economic, political, legal and moral foundations of society. Corruption is the inevitable partner of administrative, bureaucratic, party, non-market societies, societies in which dominate monopoly on coercion and obligation (and the prohibition of coercion). Disorganized, monopolized markets and asymmetric information is also an important source of corruption. All this, in terms of the collective (public, government) property, which is 'used as its own, and kept as others', on a system of vicious cycle, develop and rise corruption. Therefore, the system changes (reforms) are necessary at all levels of government, and introduction of ethical standards in order to eradicate the causes of this social scourge.
- Cranial base kyphosis
- Ascending of man caused many correlative changes in human body structure. One of the most significant is cranial base kyphosis - cranial base bending at sphenoid bone. Aim of this research was to precisely measure cranial base parameters and to prove or reject its correlations. The measurements and calculations were performed on standardized series of 46 rentgenograms in L-L projection collected from persons of different age and both sexes. The following are the measured parameters: 1. cranio-sellar index (I) according to the formula I=S/K x 100, where S presents sagital diameter of sella turcica and K presents sagital skull diameter, 2. area of sella turcica (using MATLAB 7.0 software), 3. area of sphenoid sinus (using MATLAB 7.0 software), 4. basal angle. The results were gathered in database and statistically processed. The following allometric equation was applied to the results: y=axk, where y presents the area of sella turcica, x presents sphenoid sinus area, a is a constant and k is growth coefficient. .
- Croats in middle Banat
- The paper describes the Croatian ethnic community who was relocated in 1801 from Turopolje near Zagreb to the Zagreb church estates including villages of Boka, Neuzina, Radojevo (Klarija by 1947), Keca (the village that is today in Romania). After removal of troops from the military border in Turopolje, the Viennese Court permitted Zagreb Bishop Maksimilijan Vrhovac to move the Croats of the Catholic faith speaking kaikavian dialect and small noblemen. They lived in the mentioned settlements as a compact community, in entirely closed entities for over a century. They did not marry into the existing (Serbian, Hungarian) population but rather within their own families to the third degree. They established minor connections with other population only after World War Two or when leaving to their homeland to marry there. Researches started in Boka, Neuzina, and Radojevo in the late eighties and lasted until 1995. At the time, genetic deformities were found in descendents of this ethnic community which led to conclusion that the cause of physical and mental deformities are in fact of genetic nature due to marital relationships among close relatives. .
- Current demographic processes in the municipality of Bosilegrad and their impact on the change of the number of population in period from 1963 to 2014
- The paper analyzes the tendencies in demographic development of the municipality of Bosilegrad in the period from 1961 to 2011. For this purpose, it was necessary to determine the contribution of certain components of demographic development (natural and mechanical movement of the population) and to analyze them. The demographic development of the municipality is largely a reflection of the natural-geographic and economic-political circumstances (Lajić et al., 2010). The decrease in the total number of inhabitants was strongly influenced by emigration for decades, and also the negative natural increase contributed to the overall depopulation. The influence of natural movement and migration on population change and their relationship varied during the observed period. In the period from 1963 to 1991, total depopulation was taking place under the direct influence of the negative migration rate. In the same period, natural increase was positive but insufficient to compensate for the loss of population. In the last twenty years, the reduction in the number of inhabitants has been under the direct influence of negative natural increase. During this period, the intensity of migration has weakened, while the influence of natural increase prevailed..
- Cytogenetic analysis of lymphocytes workers occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation effects
- Occupational exposure is particularly delicate because of chronic exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation and its cumulative effect, where it is important to consider the biological response of body to given conditions of exposure. The objective of this study was the observation of the recovery of the DNA damages in subjects working in the radiation area in two different intervals. Group I, consisting of 30 subjects, was exposed to ionizing radiation and unstable chromosomal aberrations were identified. Group II included the same, re-examined subjects (30) 9 months later. It was verified that 5 (16.67 %) subjects still had unstable chromosomal aberrations, although they had been excluded from radiation area Controls groups (C) consisted of 64 subjects that were not exposed to mutagenic agents. The comparision of the control group with the two studied groups revealed the reduction of the unstable aberrations (p<0.05). The total effective doses, which increased with the years spent in radiation area, reflected the yield of chromosomal aberrations. The presence of chromosomal aberrations in some subjects, after the exclusion from the ionising radiation exposure, suggests that the time needed for the recovery of the DNA damages is different, which indicates the individual differences in radiosensitivity as well as different of the reparatory cellular response.