Glasnik Antropološkog društva Srbije
prethodni naslov Glasnik Antropološkog društva Jugoslavije (ISSN: 0351-1480) do 2007
izdavač(i) Antropološko društvo Srbije, Niš i Univerzitet u Nišu - Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Niš
veb adresa www.antropoloskodrustvosrbije.com/?q=content/glasnik-antropolo%C5%A1kog-dru%C5%A1tva-srbije
početna godina 2008
glavni urednik Perica Vasiljević, Univerzitet u Nišu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Departman za biologiju i ekologiju
adresa uredništva Bulevar dr Zorana Đinđića, 81-III-170,18000 Niš
osoba za kontakt Perica Vasiljević
kategorija časopisa K52, K52
CEON WoS IF2 0,000
CEON WoS IF5 0,000
CEON IF5 0,050
referisan u SCIndeks
CrossRef/DOI CEON posredstvom SCIndeks Asistenta
OA status indeksiran u DOAJ
licenca CC BY-SA
- Developmental stage of the mandibular premolar roots
- The aim of the study was to define the developmental stage of the mandibular premolar roots at different ages. The study was performed on a sample of 500 orthopantomographs taken from children aged between 6 and 14 years (236 boys and 264 girls), all of whom were orthodontic patients in Clinic of Stomatology, Nish. We used a method by Gleiser and Hunt and modification by Tijanic (1981) to analyse the developmental stages of the mandibular premolar roots (P1 and P2) as well as the symmetry of their development on both sides. The results indicate the following : three different stages are present at the age of 7. Stage 6 is most present for P1, stage 5 for P2 , with minor gender differences. At the age of 8, the stages most present in both genders are stage 6 for P1, and stage 5 for P2. At the age of 9, the stages most present in both genders are stage 7 for P1 and stage 6 for P2. At the age of 10, stage 7 is most present for both premolars (P1 and P2). Stage 8 is most present for P1 in boys aged 11, therefore stages 8 and 9 are present equally in girls of the same age. At the age of 11, stage 7 is dominating in boys, that is, stage 8 in girls. At the age of 12, stage 9 is most present for P1 in both genders and for P2 in boys, although stage 8 is common in girls aged 12. Higher developmental stages of the mandibular premolar roots are present within certain age categories in girls, except the ages of 7 and 8, at which they are present equally in both genders. Asymmetric development of the man dibular premolar roots is more present at the ages of 9 and 10. Our results indicate the higher dental age of the mandibular premolar roots in girls, when compared to boys of the same age. .
- Developmental stages of permanent mandibular canine teeth in orthopantomographs
- Summary The aim of the study was to define the developmental stage of the permanent mandibular canine roots at different ages. The study was performed on a sample of 500 orthopantomographs taken from children aged between 6 and 14 years (236 boys and 264 girls), all of whom were orthodontic patients in Clinic of Stomatology, Nish. We used a method by Gleiser and Hunt and modification by Tijanic to analyse the developmental stages of the permanent mandibular canine roots as well as to define the symmetry of their development on both sides. Our results indicate the following: three stages of root development of the permanent mandibular canines are present at the age of 7,in the same sequence for both genders (7, 6 and 8). These are the developmental stages most present within certain age categories in both genders: stage 7 at the age of 8; stage 8 at the age of 9; stage 8 at the age of 10; stage 9 at the age of 11. Higher developmental stages are present within certain age categories in girls, except the age of 7, considering that the higher developmental stage is most present in girls of 12, when compared to boys of the same age (10 for girls, 9 for boys). Only the minority of subjects had asymmetric canines. Our results indicate that the dental age of the permanent mandibular canines is higher in girls, when compared to boys of the same age. .
- Difference in results of a specific swimming motor test considering the postural status of lower extremities
- Postural status of lower extremities, feet and specific swimming tests were estimated on a sample of examinees, age 21 years (+/- 6 months), that are attending the Faculty of Sport and Physical Education in Novi Sad. Total sample of examinees (137) was consisted of 99 examinees of male sex and 38 examinees of female sex. Postural status was estimated by the method of Napoleon Wolanski. From the specific motor tests, the following tests were made: 25m push start, crawl technique and 25m leg kick crawl. The objective of paper in to establish the differences in swimming results considering possible postural disruptions of lower extremities and feet. Postural status is shown in percentage, on basic of which the examinees are divided into groups. After this, the differences between groups of the examinees are established by the Univariant analysis of variance. Male sex examinees have most of the pes planus (25%) and gen uvarum deformity (19%), while the female sex examinees have pes planus in highest percentage (21%). There are no statistically postural signifferences in the swimming results between groups of exeminees classified by the postural disruptions, in the exeminees of the male and the female sex both. The results obtained were statisticall processed by appropriate analysis.
- Difference of worm up exercise of different duration on spinal column movement in sagittal plane
- Based on examination on 288 examinees, males and females, it is determined that magnitude of spinal column movement depends on duration of worm up exercises. The sample is taken from 3rd grade students of Secondary schools in Niksic. Tests used for measuring mobility of spinal column in sagital plane Are touch-toe and touch-heels. The measurement is done before and after worm up exercises, but in groups with different duration of 5, 10 and 15 minutes. There are differences in results between time groups and between males and females. This research proves that there are differences in mobility of spinal column depending on time of worm-up body exercise. .
- Differences between a anthropometriric characteristics and motoric ability of children aged 9-11 years
- The sample of 266 male and female pupils, 9-11 year of age, of elementary school within the municipal region of Novi Sad were subject of the research for differences in anthropometric characteristics and motor skills. The system of variables included 8 variables of anthropometric characteristics and 8 tests for evaluation of motor skills. The differences were determined by means of univariant analysis of variance (ANOVA), multivariant analysis of variance (MANOVA) and Discriminant analysis. Results will be displayed in tabular form and textually explained as well. .
- Differences between boys and girls basketball players 15 years of age (cadets) in estimation of level of the cognitive abilities
- The research took place in the basketball camp 'Kikinda '07'. The sample of basketball players, consisted of 20 boys and 17 girls 15 years of age, from different Kikinda's basketball clubs. Estimation of level of the cognitive abilities of boys and girls basketball players was on 9. VIII 2007. year. Estimation of level 'general' intelligence was provided by 'MENSA' Serbia. Estimation of 'space' intelligence was done using S-1 test (from the KOG 3 battery) consisting 30 tasks nonverbal type (abilities of presenting and imaging of the space relations). In the aim of proving the difference between two groups the multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) a significant statistical differences between boys and girls appeared at the level of intelligence in boys favor (a significant statistical difference didn't appear at the level of 'general' intelligence). The results of this research approve the results of other previous researches.
- Differences between relations of morphological characteristics and relative strength of arms in female subjects of different levels of physical engagement
- A test battery covering eight anthropological variables and one motor test was applied on the sample of 164 female subjects included in the program of development gymnastics and 180 9-11 year old girls from the region of major cities of Vojvodina, who were not engaged in physical activities. Subject of analysis were anthropometrical measures for evaluation of morphological characteristics and a 'bent-elbows-hang test' for assessment of relative static strength of arms. The purpose of this analysis was to find out whether there were any differences between relations of the analyzed morphological characteristics and relative static strength of arms in the two groups of girls at different level of physical engagement. These relations were analyzed by linear regression analysis. Results of this analysis showed that there were no significant differences between morphological characteristics and relative strength of arms in the two groups of girls at multivariate level. Namely, even five out of eight anthropometrical variables took statistically significant effect on performance efficiency of the criterion test in the girls engaged in the program of development gymnastics, whereas in the other group the only significant but negative effect was that of the variable of subcutaneous fat of upper arm. According to the results it can be concluded that it is not possible to predict relative strength status of arms based on morphological characteristics in girls doing no physical activities, whereas in girls engaged in the program of development gymnastics, it is possible to a solid level. .
- Differences in anthropological characteristics and body weight of boys and girls
- Transversal research with a goal of determining differences in the parameters of growth and development between boys and girls of younger school age was conducted on a sample of 210 pupils from Novi Sad, divided on a sub-sample of 93 boys and sub-sample of 117 girls, 10. 4 years of age. Measured were 11 anthropometric variables for estimating the longitudinal and transversal dimensionality of the skeleton, body mass (by the IBP manual) and body weight (body mass index, BMI kg/m2). Basic statistical parameters for the anthropometric variables and body mass index were calculated. Differences in parameters of growth and development between sexes were analyzed by the multivariate analysis of variance, univariate analysis of the variance and discriminative analysis. Statistically significant differences have been found in the length of the arm and in the circumference of the lower arm in favor of boys. Indicators of growth and development obtained in this research point to the similarity with the results of researches of the same age, Bigović (2004), Bigović, Krsmanović, Jasnić, Dolga, Pelemiš (2004), Bigović (2006), Bigović, Obradović, T, Krsmanović (2007). Data obtained on body weight on the basis of the body mass index (BMI) are similar to those of research of Rakić (2009).
- Differences in anthropometric characteristics of the students of the Military Academy during training period
- Human factor is a basic factor in the defense system of all the world armies, so great attention is paid to the officers' training, in which the physical training has a significant role. The aim of this research is to provide information about the changes in antropometric characteristics during four year training of the students of the Military Academy, 120 in total, aged from 19 to 22, as well as significance of differences. In the course of the research, the total of nine anthropometric parameters for the evaluation of morphological characteristics has been selected. The data obtained after measurement have been processed by the use of statistical programs for calculating central and dispersion parameters. In setting differences in certain variables between the first and forth year students, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) has been used, and the differences in system of variables in space have been determined by multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and discrimination analysis (DS).Based on the results obtained, statistically significant differences between the groups have been found in variables: length of the arm, length of the leg, body mass, breast volume, forearm volume and skin pleat. The differences have been found, in one part, under the influence of natural growth and development of the students during their training period, and in the other, under the influence of their specific physical activity. .
- Differences in basic mobility variables at first-rate kayakers after a three-month training course
- A system of total 13 basic mobility variables was applied to a sample of 46 ( 34 men and 12 women ) respondents from 13 kayak clubs in Serbia at the age of 11 till 25 . The aim of this research is to establish a static importance of differences in arithmetic means between initial and final measuring after a three-month situational experimental treatment for every applied basic mobility variable . On the basis of testing of universal static importance of differences in arithmetic means between final and initial measuring ( t-test ) at nine applied basic mobility variables it was established that they are statistically important on the level .05 (p=.05) . On the basis of gained results in the area of basic mobility abilities it could be concluded that the results improvement was noticeable after a period of three months at a strength of abdominal musculature at kayakers . A stagnation of results when a flexibility of a back part of a thigh and a spinal column are concerned was noted at male kayakers . At female kayakers the greatest improvement was realized in a development of hands' and shoulders' strength , stretching and bending of torso and stretching of legs . .
- Differences in body composition and motor abilities between synchronized swimmers and non-athlete girls
- The aim of this study was to determine the differences in body composition and motor abilities between synchronized swimmers and non-athlete girls. The sample of this study was consisted of 37 girls, 16 of them were actively engaged in synchronized swimming and 21 girl were not engaged in sport activities, ages 12-14. The anthropometric characteristics of the subjects were assessed by the following measures: Body Height (BH) (cm); Body Mass (BM) (kg); Body Mass Index (BMI) (kg/m2). Body composition was assessed by measure: Triceps skinfold (TRI) (mm); Biceps skinfold (BIC) (mm); Subscapular skinfold (SUB) (mm); Abdominal Skinfold (ABD) (mm); Calf Skinfold (CALF) (mm); Sum of five skinfolds (SUM5) (mm); Body Fat Percent (BF%) (%); Muscle Mass Percent (% MM) (%). The motor abilities were evaluated using the three tests by a Eurofit battery, used for the evaluation of flexibility - sit and reach (FLEX) (cm); for static strength assessment - hand grip (HGRIP) (N); for muscular endurance assessment - bet-arm hangs (BAH) (sec.). The use of analysis of variance determined a statistically significant difference in body composition only in variable of truncal skinfold measurment (p = 0.014) for the benefit of girls engaged in synchronized swimming, while in the space of motor abilities the difference was determined in all variables: handgrip, sit and rich and bent arm hang tests (p = 0.000), also for the benefit of synchronized swimmers. Active engagement in sports activities such as synchronized swimming at this age can contribute to the equaly distribution of body fat, as well as the development of motor abilites that are most represented in the training process of synchronized swimming.
- Differences in certain morphological characteristics between football players of younger and older pioneers
- Morphological characteristics play a significant role as a part of monitoring talented young football players. Success of the training process depends on understanding structure of individual anthropological abilities and characteristics of athletes, as well as their development in different stages of ontogenic growth. The aim of this research is to analyze differences in certain morphological characteristics between football players of younger and older pioneers. The examinee sample consisted of 60 football players of different age categories of the Football Club 'Vojvodina', as follows: 30 younger pioneers (11.5±0.5 years) and 30 older pioneers (13.5±0.5 years). In order to determine differences in certain morphological characteristics of younger and older pioneer football players, 11 anthropometric characteristics were measured according to the International Biological Program. Differences between morphological characteristics were determined by means of canonical discriminant analysis. Significant differences in morphological characteristics indicate that the two groups differ from each other, whilst the most significant differentiation factor was leg length. Significant increase in morphological characteristics with age indicate that boys have adequate growth and development for their age.